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Introduction into Texas

Texas is nicknamed the 'Lone Star State' to signify Texas as an independent republic and as a reminder of the state's struggle for independence from Mexico. It’s the second-largest state by both area and population in the U.S.  The name Texas, means "friends" or "allies" in Caddo, was applied by the Spanish to the Caddo themselves and to the region of their settlement in East Texas. Located in the South Central United States, Texas is bordered by Mexico to the south along the Rio Grande and the Gulf of Mexico, New Mexico to the west, which has a vast mountain range. Also, it has Oklahoma to the north, Arkansas to the northeast, and Louisiana to the east, where you will find gorgeous plantations and forests.

Spain was the first European power to claim Texas and the flags of Mexico and France also flew over its territory before Texas gaining its independence in 1836 and joining the United States. In the same year before gaining their independence the famous Battle of the Alamo was fought on the Alamo Mission near San Antonio de Béxar (modern-day San Antonio, Texas). It was a 13-day siege, which saw 100 Texans take on a force of over 1500 Mexicans.

The three biggest cities in Texas are Dallas, Houston (fourth-largest in the U.S.) and San Antonio (seventh largest in the U.S.). Oil and the cattle industry have brought significant wealth to state and in these three cities you will see many of major oil producers head offices set there. Many tourists who go to Texas say there is no other state like it and a state home to both George Bush Sr. and Jr. it has it all. For more information on this fascinating state go to


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