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Fast Facts About Scotland

Capital of Scotland
Population of Scotland 5.1 million
Language of Scotland English, Scottish Gaelic
Currency in Scotland
British Pound
Electricity in Scotland 240 Volts AC, 50 Hz. 3-pin plug
Country Code of Scotland +44
Emergency Numbers in Scotland Ambulance 999 / Fire 999 / Police 999
Time Zone in Scotland GMT
National Holiday in Scotland November 30th
Flag of Scotland St. Andrews Cross


Scotland covers an area of over 30,000 square miles (76,800 km2)


The Mitchell library, in Glasgow, is Europe’s biggest public reference library with over 1.3 million books.


Scotland has 790 islands, 95 of which are inhabited. These islands are surrounded by extraordinary fertile seas which support 8,000 complex species of marine life including basking sharks, leatherback turtles, whales, and dolphins.


Edinburgh is ranked in the top five most talked about cities in the world.


In 1413 the University of St Andrews was founded and it became Scotland's first and also the third oldest university in the English-speaking world. Six centuries on, its one of Europe's leading centres for teaching and research.


Over 47,000 international students from 180 countries world wide study in Scotland each year.


Scotland is a leading European financial centre.  The Royal Bank of Scotland, headquartered in Edinburgh since 1727, is the 5th largest banking group in the world.


Scotland exports 55 million bottles of malt whiskey every year to over 200 markets. There are over 100 malt whisky distilleries throughout Scotland.


Edinburgh is host to the world’s largest arts festival with the Edinburgh Festival Fringe alone reporting a massive 1,335,000 ticket sales in 2005.


Scotland has given the world the MRI scanner, penicillin, the P53 cancer suppressor gene and antiseptic surgery.


Edinburgh’s Hogmanay is one of the world’s biggest and most spectacular New Year celebrations.


Captain Hook, Peter Pan, Long John Silver, Dr.Jekyll, Mr.Hyde and Sherlock Holmes are all products of the Scottish imagination.  In recent years, Harry Potter was conceived in Scotland and many of the scenes in the movie were shot in the country.


Golf has been played in Scotland for over 500 years and St. Andrews is thought as the home of golf and it was founded in 1754. There are thought be over 500 golf courses in the country.


Edinburgh was the first city in the world to have its first fire brigade.


Scotland has more than 300 castles, one every 100 square miles.


Scottish-born John Logie Baird was the first person in the world to demonstrate a working television system in 1926. He also set up the world's first practical television system in Britain in 1929 with the BBC.


Auld Lang Syne was written as a poem in 1788 by Robert Burns, Scotland's national bard. Its enduring appeal ensures its place today in New Year celebrations, not only in Scotland but around the world.


Every year around 19.9 million people use Scotland's three main airports: Edinburgh, Glasgow and Aberdeen. Thousands more also connect with Scotland's smaller airports.


In 1995 the Edinburgh International Conference Centre opened in the centre of the Scottish capital. This hi-tech facility has since welcomed over 800,000 delegates to over 2,100 events.


Scotland has over 16 Michelin-starred restaurants. From Venison, pheasant, seafood, lamb, beef or whatever you fancy these chefs can cook.


In 1996, Edinburgh scientists cloned the world's first mammal. Dolly the Sheep was cloned from an adult cell. Dolly is now on permanent exhibit at the National Museum of Scotland in Edinburgh.


In 1958, Ian Donald, professor of midwifery at the University of Glasgow, pioneered the use of the first ultrasound scanning. He took the technology from shipbuilding to develop imaging techniques for gynaecology.


The Shore Porters' Society of Aberdeen was founded in 1498. Its the world's oldest recorded transport company and the UK's third oldest company. Britain's oldest business is also in Aberdeen: the Aberdeen Harbour Board was established in 1136.


Professor Sir Alfred Cuschieri is one of the world's pioneers of minimally invasive 'keyhole' surgery. He performed the UK's first laparoscopic operation in Dundee on 21st May 1987.


Dumfriesshire-born Kirkpatrick Macmillllan was a Scottish blacksmith credited with the invention of the first pedal bicycle in 1839.



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