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Portuguese History

This country has been conquered by many different people. The first King of Portugal was D. Afonso Henriques in 1143 as he gradually gained the land from the Moors. It took him a century to gain complete control all the way down to the Algarve.

During the 15th and 16th centuries during the Maritime Discoveries Portugal was one of the richest and most powerful nations in the world. Lisbon was the capital and its empire stretched from Brazil to India. Unfortunately, due to constant battles with Spain and even the Dutch the country eventually lost control of there colonial holdings over seas.

During World War I, Portugal supported the Allies, but didn’t really help in anyway. After the war a right-wing dictatorship government took control of the country and during World War II the country stayed neutral.
The country has been a member of NATO since its inception in 1949 and has been a member of the EU since 1986. Since joining the EU the country has finally seen a growth again in the economy and it’s the first time since the old colonial days.

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