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History of Germany

Germany’s history dates far back, but it was around 870AD when Germany fragmented into five large duchies (Saxony, Bavaria, Franconia, Lorraine and Swabia) and it was dukes that ran over there own regions. Over the next 500 years the duchies (regions) grew and this almost started a civil war in the 13th century. In the 15th century the Habsburgs Empire engulfed the region and controlled the duchies until 1806, till Napoleon abolished the empire. During Habsburgs reign of power the state of Brandenburg-Prussia grew as a major power. When the Habsburgs Empire was abolished most of its northern and eastern parts had already been absorbed by Prussia. Frederick the Great was king and it was him who grew the Prussian military. In 1815 the German Confederation was established with 39 states. German unification continued apace throughout the century, the most influential figure in the process was Otto von Bismarck. Various wars were fought with other European countries and the most notable war was the Franco-Prussian War in 1870 – 1871. When a revolt in Serbia happened it created a chain of events that led to World War I.

In 1919, the year after the end of World War I, Germany adopted a democratic constitution. This was the foundation of what became known as the Weimar Republic, named after the former capital of the Saxe-Weimar grand duchy. The Republic was hit by a series of political issues and the depression of the 1920s and 30s, which led the way for the rise of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party who won the general election in 1933. When he came to power he rebuilt the German army as he wanted to show Europe that Germany was an important nation, which led him annexing of the Czech Sudetenland, followed by Czechoslovakia itself. Then in 1939 he attacked Poland and this was the start of World War II. After six years of fighting an estimated 60 million lives were lost including over 6 million Jewish people.

After the war Germany was divided into two separate nations after World War II. In the West Germany there was a Western style democracy, while in the East, Germany was under Soviet rule, and hence a communist government. In 1990 the two countries joined together to form one country under a democratic government. The Eastern part of Germany is now struggling to catch up with the West, which thrived with a strong economy for fifty years, where as the East suffered economically under Soviet rule.

Today, since the unification of Germany, the German capital has moved back to Berlin from Bonn. There is new heavy construction going on in Berlin to make this city the proud capital it once was before World War II. Germany has become one of the world's top producers of automobiles and electrical goods. Germany has such famous names as BMW, Audi, Volkswagen, Mercedes, and Porsche.

Germany was one of the first nations who saw the need to protect the environment. Many governments around the world know the problems, but do little about it. In Germany, the Green party had helped put strict controls on pollution and by 2010 they managed to turn and now they receive most of their energy on other natural alternate energy sources, such as wind power. They're hoping that other governments will soon follow and capture this great resource we have instead of using nuclear energy.

Since the creation of the Euro, Germany has been the most powerful economy in Europe and with the recent economic crisis in Europe, Germany and France were the two countries that maninly held the single Euro and countries together. 



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