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Czech Republic

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Czech Republic History

Czechoslovakia’s independence was established in 1918. Previously, Moravia and Bohemia had been under Austrian rule, while Slovakia came under the aegis of Hungary. During World War II, Bohemia and Moravia together became a German protectorate. After the war, a reconstituted Czechoslovakia was established under the supervision of the occupying Red Army. By 1948, as planned, the Communists had become the dominant political force in the country and took effective control, following elections that year. Soviet-style political and economic systems were put in place and Czechoslovakia became a firm Soviet ally, joining the Warsaw Pact and COMECON.

In the 1960s a new government came into power that wanted to liberalize the country a bit, which became known as the ‘Prague Spring’. The Soviets (Russians) didn’t like this to much so they sent in tanks. The Russians then put in a new leader that would have a hard line and stay to a Soviet style government. It stayed like this till Mikhail Gorbachev became the Soviet leader and he allowed the satellite countries to liberalize there countries, so when the wall came down in 1989 Eastern Europe saw many demonstrations and in Czechoslovakia the Communists were swept from power.

When the Communists were swept from power there was a strong nationalistic movement in Slovakia, which was in the Eastern part of Czechoslovakia. After an election it was agreed that they would split the country and Slovakia would be independent.  It was mutually accepted and it took place on January 1, 1993 and this was the day that both the Czech Republic and Slovakia became sovereign independent countries.

The Czech Republic joined the European Union in May 2004 and also has joined NATO. It’s a country on the high as Tourism has brought much needed money into this beautiful country.




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